Estrogen

Estrogen therapy

Estrogen is a hormone made primarily in the ovaries. The three major estrogens are estradiol, estriol and estrone. Of the three, estradiol is the most physiologically and biologically active. Estrogen is not simply a sex hormone, but a total body hormone. Estrogen receptor sites are found in the bladder, bones, arteries, vagina, heart, liver and the brain. Without adequate levels of estrogen, these organs cannot function properly.

When dealing with female sex hormones, the balance amongst them often is more important than the actual levels. This is true of the ratio of estrogen to progesterone, as well as estrogen to testosterone. In females, as the progesterone to estrogen ratio decreases, it creates estrogen dominance and subsequently an increased risk of breast cancer. Estrogen and progesterone act in tandem to control cell growth for normal function.

Estrogens do many things, including increasing cell proliferation, improving neural connections in the brain, and controlling insulin levels. As total estrogen levels decrease, insulin resistance and insulin levels begin to rise. Progesterone decreases the number of receptor sites for both hormones, decreases insulin resistance and promotes new bone growth (estrogen only slows bone loss). Studies show that estrogen alone causes tissue growth in the uterus that can lead to cancer; however, when replaced in conjunction with natural progesterone, the risk is reduced or eliminated. Bio-identical estrogens have the same molecular structure as the estrogens found in the human female. These natural plant estrogens are altered so that they have the same bio-identical structure as the estrogens found naturally in the female body..

Combining the benefits of bio-identical estrogen and progesterone replacement provide many of the benefits without the risks.

Together they can improve or prevent osteoporosis, improve mood and mental status, andimprove sexual function and libido.